- 1 What Is Logistics In Textile?
- 2 The Main Fields of Logistics
- 3 Logistic System Approach
- 4 Importance of Logistics in Textile Units
- 5 Logistics Communication in Textile Units
- 6 Logistics Activities in Textiles
- 7 Logistics concept in Textile Units
- 8 Performance measurement in Logistics System
- 9 Conclusion
Art and science of managing and controlling the flow of goods, energy, information and other resources is called as logistics. Logistics is about getting the right product, to the right customer, in the right quantity, in the right condition, at the right place, at the right time, and at the right cost.
The aim of this study is to understand the logistics management in the textile sectors. The purpose of the paper is to explore the practices with logistics performance management in textiles supply chains and to identify the related best practices and barriers. The logistics functions in textile sector are to ensure the availability of a right product at the right place, in right quantities and right condition at the right time and right cost for the right customer.
Logistics is an organization is considered as consideration of marketing. Logistics play a vital/critical role in the manufacturing of textile materials. So, this paper analyses logistics cost structure of the textile and garment industries from such angles as the competition factor, product factor, circumstance factor and management factor. The composing factors of the logistics cost include the order period, cost inventory, personnel quality, geographic position, management cost, transportation cost, turnover rate and some other factors of the textile industries.
What Is Logistics In Textile?
Logistics is the art and science of managing and controlling the flow of goods, energy, information and other resources. Logistics is about getting the right product, to the right customer, in the right quantity, in the right condition, at the right place, at the right time, and at the right cost. Logistics involves the integration of information, transportation, warehousing, inventory, material handling, packaging and even security. In the textile industry, where so many stages are needed to pass from raw materials to finished goods and then to reach customers end within stipulated time frame. According to the Council Of Logistics Management, logistics contains the integrated planning, control realization of monitoring of all internal and network-wide material and product flow including the necessary information flow in textile industries along the complete value added the chain for the purpose of confirming the purpose of customer requirement.
The Main Fields of Logistics
- Procurement Logistics
- Production Logistics.
- Distribution Logistics.
- Disposal Logistics.Business Logistics.
1) Procurement Logistics: It consists of activities such as market, research, requirements planning, makes or buy decisions, supplier management, ordering, and order controlling.
2) Production Logistics: The term production logistics is used to describe logistic processes within the textile industries. The purpose of production logistics is to ensure that each machine and workstation is being fed with the right product in the right quantity and quality at the right time. In many textile industries, a batch size of one is the short term aim, allowing even a single customer’s demand to be fulfilled efficiently.
3) Distribution Logistics: Its main task is to deliver the finished products to the customer. It consists of order processing, warehousing, and transportation. Distribution logistics also necessary because the time, place and quantity of production differ with the time place and quantity of consumption.
4) Disposal Logistics: Its main function is to reduce logistics cost, enhance services and save natural resources.
5) Business Logistics: It can be defined as – ‘Having the right item in the right quantity at the right time at the right place for the right price in the right condition to the right customer’, and is the science of process and incorporates all textile industry sectors.
Logistic System Approach
Logistics recognizes that all the activities like movements of the materials across the business process are interdependent and need close coordination and these are to be maintained as a system and not the functional silos. The system is shown as logistics mix including following functional areas:
- Order Processing
- Information Flow
- Warehousing Inventory control
- Packaging Transportation
Importance of Logistics in Textile Units
Logistics is important in all three sectors of the economy i.e. agriculture, manufacturing and the service industry. Among these three sectors manufacturing sector is related to the Textile industries. Most textile manufacturers handle all logistics functions including trucking and warehousing through their own logistics and transportation department.
Logistics Communication in Textile Units
In textile industries, communications between each functional area should be increasingly automated, complex and rapid and communication system should be computerized advanced communication system.
Logistics Activities in Textiles
It includes managing the inbound movement of raw materials and supplies, Outbound movements of finished goods (end products) and services. It also includes important support activity for both sales and purchasing activities. The sub-activities in logistics are customer ser, demand forecasting, service, inventory control, distribution communications, material handling, order processing, parts and service support, plant and warehouse site selection, procurement, packaging, storage, reverse logistics, traffic, and transportation.
Logistics concept in Textile Units
The company purchases most of its textile fabrics from the group’s fabric producer and relies on the group’s retailer for the wholesale of its products, which are mostly placed on the national market by large distribution firms. Manufacturing activities are outsourced to a group of local small sub-contractors with whom the company has established close, long-term partnerships; this enables it to achieve cost efficiency and production flexibility. In particular, a large centralized warehouse was created to store fabrics and finished products. Actually, the collaboration between the company and its selected suppliers makes it possible to have a constant exchange of information related to production quality, schedules, and delivery, thus enhancing coordination of operations. Coordination of logistics flows between the company and its suppliers (both raw materials and subcontractors) is achieved through the centralized management of warehousing.
Also the possibility to plan these flows in advance (planned seasonal production), the deficiency of logistics facilities that characterize its subcontractors forces the company to have a high stock of raw materials.
Textile is a sector where quality is one of the key competitive factors, current situations like competions does not only concern an individual firm, rather, involves the entire supply chain. Indeed, the quality of the final product that reaches the customer is clearly the result of a chain of successive, inter-linked phases: spinning, weaving, distribution & apparel. In this new competitive environment, quality, but must be a feature of all market segments—basic and fashion—to meet the specific requirements and tastes of all types of customers.
Performance measurement in Logistics System
Performance measures are categorized into two groups; qualitative and quantitative. These measures involve responsiveness & customer satisfaction, supplier performance, flexibility and costs. There are three types of measures: output, resources, and flexibility. A framework for measuring the strategic, tactical and operational level of performance in a supply chain, which deals mainly with the supplier, customer service, delivery and inventory and logistics costs, exists. Customer satisfaction is level is an indication of the required standard of service level of a particular company, which is closely related to the whole performance of its supply chain. For different industries, customers look at different measures, such as delivery service, where time is no doubt their major concern; whereas for parts manufacturing, the accuracy of the specification may be the most importance consideration. Thus, the weighting of each performance measurement can be different for each industry. In the textile industry, sourcing strategies must reflect the performance capabilities of the supply base. In most cases, there are a variety of possible vendors that differ in cost, lead times and flexibility of production. If we can’t measure our process, we can’t manage our process. If we can’t manage our process, we can’t change our process for improvement. Also if we can’t improve our process, we can’t exceed or meet our customers’ expectations.
Suppliers are viewed as critical resources for the textile/apparel retailers. They have to be managed to derive the maximum potential in the logistic system, and the selection of the supplier is the most critical task in the supply management. The poor Infrastructure, More cost for transportation, lack of support from skilled labor and communication network problems are the affecting problems for successful logistics in the textile sectors. Logistics management system of the textile industries gives a clear picture of the industry’s performance and efficiency in respected areas.
The usage of an internal logistic system and discrete event system simulation for the design of this type of industries seems to be a good approach. It is possible to virtually implement a logistic control system to existing industries and analyze the corresponding impact without any type of physical intervention in the real factory. It is also possible to completely design a completely new industry.