- 1 Introduction
- 1.1 REASONS FOR MANAGING WASTE
- 1.2 STATISTICAL ANALYSIS
- 1.3 TYPES OF WASTE IN TEXTILE AND GARMENT INDUSTRY
- 1.4 TEXTILE PROCESS WASTE
- 1.5 TO AVOID WASTE IN SPINNING
- 1.6 DYEING WASTEWATER RECYCLING AND IT’S BENEFITS
- 1.7 WASTES CAN BE USED FOR CONSTRUCTION
- 1.8 EFFICIENT USAGE OF TEXTILE WASTE
- 1.9 CONCLUSION
- 1.10 Related
The raw materials in various combinations undergo different process during production and are converted to finished goods. The trash left out after each process during production remains waste. Textile Industry plays a vital role in the economy of our country and it accounts around 1/3 of the total export.
And it has a long history of being thirsty with its resources, a large proportion of unnecessary waste is still produced each year. Commercially, textile waste generation is influenced by the production of textile goods, higher the production, greater the amount of waste.
Textile recycling is the process in which old clothing and other textiles are recovered for reuse or material recovery. Nowadays, the consumption of synthetic polymers has increased rapidly. This is because these materials have many advantageous properties over other materials including glass, metal, and woods.
REASONS FOR MANAGING WASTE
2.Recycling makes good economic value.
3.Saving resources and energy.
5.Increase the efficiency of production.
According to recent survey on textile field indicates that,
1.Global apparel market value is merely about 3 trillion dollars
This stat indirectly indicates the huge amount of waste we made in apparel section.
2.Next, to the oil waste, clothing and textile occupy 2% of the world pollution.
Today, recycling has become a necessity, not because of the shortage of any item but to control pollution. Recycling becomes a common practice in Europe.
TYPES OF WASTE IN TEXTILE AND GARMENT INDUSTRY
Textile waste can be classified as either pre-consumer or post-consumer waste.
Pre-consumer waste: It consists of by-product materials from the textile fibre, and cotton industries that are remanufactured for automotive, aeronautic, home building, furniture, mattress, coarse yarn, home furnishings, paper, apparel and other industries.
Post-consumer waste: It is defined as any type of garment or household article made from manufactured textiles that owner no longer needs and decides to discard.
TEXTILE PROCESS WASTE
1 Lint waste
4.Carding, Comber, Draw frame sliver wastes
5.Simplex roving waste
1 Hard waste and cut fibres
3 Cut yarns
1 Cutting waste
2 Sewing waste
- The disposal of cotton gin waste is a significant problem in cotton ginning industry.
- But it is used as feedstock for bioethanol
- And also in the agriculture sector for bioenergy production.
- By using rotor spinning system ginning waste is converted into yarn with lowest hairiness level
Spinning has a more preparatory process so, the number of waste produced also more. Cotton waste produced in every machine like Blow room, carding, simplex, ring frame can be reused except dirt and dust. These waste are in a form of fibre, sliver, and yarn reused for many small purposes. Waste can be decreased by following the below-given ways. It can be reused for rotor machine, nowadays it is also used as fashion in Readymade shirts for men.
TO AVOID WASTE IN SPINNING
- Spinning machines are cleaned and maintained
- Good raw material usage
- High speed is avoided
- More number of machines in a line also avoided
- Lesser the waste, yarn has good strength
40 factory managers in Europe and Asia detected some common patterns.
10-30% of intake material zero waste production is impossible in the optimistic scenario.
According to the stats the world would create 40 billion square meters of leftover textile per year.
60 billion garments worth 200$ billion in China, Bangladesh, and India creating at last 10% of leftover.
THEY ARE USED AS,
1.kantha stitch on cotton fabric.
2.Recycled caps with hand embroidery.
3.Patch work on old clothing.
4.Rugs made from recycled weft yarn.
These wastes are exclusively used for the above-mentioned things, so the number of waste product in the garment industry is recycled in this types of ways. It will help and protect the environment from pollution. Garment waste is used for home appliances like wipes and mat.
DYEING WASTEWATER RECYCLING AND IT’S BENEFITS
Dyeing process produces more number of water compare to another process. Water Saving Processes for Textile Production (WASTED). Through recycling of treated water for industrial processes, it is possible to obtain a net saving cost of about 42%, mainly due to a reduction in the consumption of primary water and natural gas. Reduction of environmental impact is summarized in a water conservation of 64% and a lower production of CO2 Of 50% due to lower demand for natural gas for heating water. Also using of recycled water facilities dyeing and finishing, as well as the replicability of the dyeing process.
WASTES CAN BE USED FOR CONSTRUCTION
The construction industry of India is an important of the development as it creates investment opportunities across various related sectors. This industry has contributed an estimated as 308$ billion. Average earning person can build the house at, minimum of 25 lakhs. It requires 12.3% sand which is calculated as Rupees 50 per square feet. It is mainly used in concrete, plaster, and flooring. 12% of the total material cost is occupied by sand.
EFFICIENT USAGE OF TEXTILE WASTE
The cut waste is about 40 billion square meters so, it is collected and scrambled using the strutting machine.
The ingredients used are,
- Garment waste
- Lime stone
Lime stone helps us to regulates the temperature.
This mixture of mixed with cement and the proportion of the sand is limited. This can be used in construction field because of high strength, not only cotton other textile wastes also used.
LIME STONE PROPERTIES
Limestone Portland cement has a lower environmental impact during the production phase in comparison with Portland cement. However, the environmental advantages initially gained should be correlated to the long-term performance of concrete structures. Hence, the knowledge of the long-term properties, and in particular durability performance, is essential to assess the actual environmental impact of limestone replacement. In the literature, there is disagreement on durability behavior and the contribution of limestone to the resistance to chloride and carbonation penetration is controversial. In this paper, the effect of the percentage of replacement of Portland cement with ground limestone, water/binder ratio and cement content on compressive strength, electrical resistivity, sorptivity and resistance to carbonation and chloride penetration was evaluated. Results showed that both mechanical properties and resistance to penetration of aggressive agents decreased by replacing 15% of Portland cement with limestone; a further decrease occurred with 30% limestone.
ADVANTAGES OF LIGHTWEIGHT CONCRETE CEMENT
Since the fibers are embedded on the concrete bases, it improves the breaking rupture during an earthquake. And in turn, it will increase the escape time.
It acts as a temperature regulating factor due to the presence of the lime stone.
Efficiently reduces the cost of the building in the economical sector.
The garment waste can be efficiently used in good developing fields. It meets ups with the average earning person. Textile wastes can be reused for many fields according to their characteristics. If this mixture is used in construction it will regulate the temperature. And it will save the environment from pollution. It can also be used as ingredients for some traditional arts like making pots and flowers vases.