- 1 Introduction
- 2 Smart textile
- 3 Recent Developments In Wearable Smart Textile
- 4 Advantages Of Wearable Smart Textile
- 5 Conclusion
Our textile industry growing towards the field of smart textile. The smart textile material can sense the environmental conditions. In advance, whereas intelligent textile not only sense but also react and respond to the environmental condition. This means that keep us warm in cold condition or cool in hot environment condition. In textile field smart wearable textile growing rapidly.
Mainly these rapid developments are used in military and defense, because of extreme winter condition jackets and improve the camouflage effect in military wears. Wearable smart textile materials are used in the different field. By using this smart textile various materials is produced in the fashion world.
The wearable smart textile refers the wearable textile material which can able to sense the environmental condition. These textile materials are produced with different materials like sensors. It works based on the sensors in the material. Moreover, some specialty garments are used in the wearable textile material.
The wearable smart textiles products such as fibers are filament s yarns together with woven, knitted or non –woven structures which can interact with the environmental condition. These smart textile materials are divided into three different categories.
- Passive smart material
- Active smart material
- Ultra smart material
Passive Smart Material
Only it can able to sense the different environmental conditions.
Active smart material
It can able to sense and react as per the environmental conditions.
Ultra smart material
Ultra smart material can able to sense, react and adapt themselves as per different environmental condition.
Wearable Smart Textile
In the modern world, we want work in different risky environmental for that every on need the smart wearable textile material. These wearable smart textile materials are mostly used in defence&military. e.g.; shape changing material, phase changing material, self-cleaning material, ect..
Shape changing material
In this materials are able to change the shape as per wearer required. When we use this Material it gives us more comfort. it is used in the field of fashion and sportswear . in fashion dress it is used for creating the new model in the costume .in sports it will give more flexible movement to the sportsman.
Phase changing material
Phase changing materials refer the material which can able to change the environmental condition as per wearer required. It will keep us cool in worm condition like that worm in cold condition. It is mainly used in medical field to keep the patient in the optimum level of temperature .next to that it is used in sportsman wears while playing it will maintain the correct level of body temperature in the different environmental condition.
It works under the principle of absorbing, store, release .initially it will absorb the condition whether it is heat or cold, second it will store the condition, finally, it will release as per the environmental condition.
The self-cleaning textile fabric is coated with the silicon. This can able to retard the liquid and other dirt particles. When the sunlight is falling in this fabric the dirt particle can easily come out from the textile material. Its mainly used in the sports material.
Military and Defence
The defense filed smart textile is used to them to make less weight bullet proof jacket .its easy to wear for a soldier. In military filed, a color changing material is produced by using camouflage techniques this camouflage is the material used to change the color of the army cloth what is in the background.
Sports and Health
For sports and fitness monitoring, this type of wearable smarts textiles is used .these type cloth have the different type of sensors. Like heartbeat sensor, breathing rate sensors by using this we can easily analysis the heartbeat range and breathing range.
The world becomes fashion day by day likewise the fashion costume also got more change. Now a day’s fashion clothes are designed with LED. The LED lights work with help of circuit which is embedded with the cloth. This LED light effect shows the more effective to the model.
Now a day all become easy to use. Some wearable smart jackets are embedded with I pad control and some music control system. It will become easy to user .this things are produced with water-resistant material.
Wearable Intelligent Textile
The flexible circuit boards are embedded with the textile material. Intelligent textile materials have the three different parts sensors, processor, and actuators
Sensors: The sensors provide a nerve system to deduct the environmental condition or signals
Processors: The processor analyses and evaluates the environmental signals.
Actuators: The actuators act upon the deducted and evaluated signals either directly or from a central control unit
The intelligent textile material that can be able to sense and react to environmental conditions, such as form mechanical, chemical, electrical, magnetic and other sources. For example, phase change materials, shape-changing materials, and self-cleaning materials.
Recent Developments In Wearable Smart Textile
In this wearable smart textile, some new techniques are used to develop the textile material. This developed textile material used in sports, medical and other fields also.
AIO –sleeve: it is the world’s first activity, medical sleeve, and ECG fitness wearable sleeve. This sleeve wearer can get more benefits, during the time of exercise it is used to analyze how well you performed. Then, optimize your recovery improve overall health using heart rate variability (HRV). Moreover at the time of sleeping it will analysis the depth of sleep and heartbeat range.
Iluminage-eye mask: iluminage is the technique used produced the eye mask .for this copper oxide fibers are used. When its contact with skin copper oxide ions are transferred to promote the natural cell renewal, making sure you get all beauty and sleep you need. It maintains the youthful looking skin whilst you sleep.
Zero I-smart hats: By using ZERO I techniques smart cap is produced with this we can listen to the music without earphones. Bluetooth connectivity is embedded with this cap. A cap built with bone conduction speakers. Bone conduction transducers transmit the sound directly to the inner ear through vibration .this is made of sweat-free polyester specially designed to wick away sweat.
LUMO RUN: it is the new technique used to calculate the running rate and heartbeat rate while running .sensors are embedded with the textile material by using sensors we can analyze those things mentioned above. It is made up of sweat resistant material. It’s as high durability. By using the mobile application only all the things we can know.
Advantages Of Wearable Smart Textile
- It is mostly used in the risky environmental condition.
- It will give more comfort to the wearer.
- Easy to analyses the human body condition in the different environment.
- It’s widely used in medical field.
- It will more effect the fashion.
The textile world is moving fast rate towards the growth of smart textile. This is widely used in many fields such as medical, military, sports etc…Because of smart and new techniques in the textile material our textile industry is rapidly developing in the market. The smart textile is used to wear in all the environmental condition.